Keynote Speech I
Improving safety in medical devices and systems
Professor of Computer Science, Swansea University, UK
Keynote Speech II
Watson, Cognitive Computing and Healthcare
Martin S. Kohn, MD, MS, FACEP, CPE, FACPEhttp://researcher.ibm.com/researcher/view.php?person=us-marty.kohn
We have solid ideas about the flawed state of healthcare, the critical need for change and the future we want. Improving health outcomes while controlling costs and personalizing healthcare are among the objectives. It is clear that enabling the transformation of healthcare will require making better decisions. At the same time we are dealing with huge and expanding volumes of data. We will need tools to help us gather and analyze data to bring relevant information to decision makers so that it easier to obtain evidence-supported choices. Unstructured, text-like content is a large fraction of the data we rely on for decisions. Up until recently we have had limited ability to use unstructured material effectively. IBM’s Watson, with its ability to understand the nature of a question being addressed and to read and understand huge volumes of literature, makes such material more approachable. However, making medicine more precise mandates the use of other forms of data, and population observational techniques. Predictive analytics, to identify people that need specific attention, and comparative analytics to elicit evidence from populations that can be applied to individuals, are part of the process. IBM has developed robust resources that provide such information.
Dr. Kohn is Chief Medical Scientist for Care Delivery Systems in IBM Research. He is a leader in IBM’s effort in collaborative care for addressing the challenges to primary care and access to healthcare. He also supports the transformation of healthcare and development of accountable care organizations. His research work includes healthcare population analytics and the role of expert systems in the clinical decision process, including the use of the Watson supercomputer in healthcare. He speaks frequently on the issues on healthcare transformation, the role of information technology, the Patient Centered Medical Home and clinical decision support. Dr. Kohn is a co-author of IBM’s white paper “Patient-Centered Medical Home – What, Why and How.” He is on the editorial board of the Journal of Emergency Medicine. Dr. Kohn was previously in IBM Healthcare Strategy and Change which helped healthcare systems and clinicians optimize process and make best use of health information technology. He has published multiple articles and book chapters on both clinical and management subjects. Dr. Kohn is an emergency physician with over 30 years of hospital-based practice and management experience. He is a Fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians and the American College of Physician Executives.
Keynote Speech III
Digitally Revealing the Dynamics of Your Superorganism Body
Founding Director of the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2)
Harry E. Gruber Professor of Computer Science and Information Technologies, University of California, San Diego, USA
For over a decade, Calit2 has had a driving vision that healthcare is being transformed into “digitally enabled genomic medicine.” To put a more personal face on the "patient of the future," I have been increasingly quantifying my own body. In addition to external markers I also currently track over 100 blood and stool biomarkers every few months. Calit2 uses advanced interactive visualization techniques to visually explore my organs. Using my saliva 23andme.com obtained 1 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in my human DNA. My gut microbiome has been metagenomically sequenced by the J. Craig Venter Institute, yielding 25 billion DNA bases. I will show how one can use this Big Data approach to decipher the complex dynamic interactions between the various components of my immune system and the human and microbial DNA present in my “superorganism” body. Doing so in my case led to the unexpected diagnosis of a chronic incurable disease. My hope is that by "living in the future" I can provide some early insights into the digital transformations of wellness and health care.
Larry Smarr is the founding Director of the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2) and the Harry E. Gruber professor in UCSD’s Department of Computer Science and Engineering (CSE). Before that he served as founding Director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He serves on the NASA Advisory Council to the NASA Administrator, the DOE ESnet Policy Board, and chairs the NSF Advisory Committee on Cyberinfrastructure. For eight years he was a member of the NIH Advisory Committee to the NIH Director, serving 3 directors. His life-streaming portal is http://lsmarr.calit2.net/index
The slides of the keynote speaker, Prof. Larry Smarr, are available here.